The Scream by Edvard Munch (1893) is the most famous expressionist work ever painted. The distortion of form, color and composition to express the artist's overriding mood, emotion and psychological state make it an iconic image embodying modern man’s pain and alienation.
Leonardo Da Vinci's "Mona Lisa" (1507) is arguably the most famous painting ever created. It represents the perfection of realism in painting.
The artist Christo represents conceptualism and environmental art with his massive works like the wrapping of the German Reichstag parliament building (1995).
The Sistine Chapel ceiling (1512) by Michelangelo. The monumentality of the work, subject matter and logistical challenges combined with the Michelangelo's sheer skill make this the greatest individual artwork ever created.
 Claude Monet’s “Impression Sunrise” (1872) gave the Impressionist movement its name and was the beginning of the modernist concept of “art for art’s sake”. A simple quick sketch or “impression” is exhibited as a finished, complete art statement
Jackson Pollack’s drip paintings (1950s) were massive in size and represent pure abstraction and expressionism in art. They are maps of the artist’s inner psyche. Pollack was nick named "Jack the Dripper".
Pablo Picasso's cubist painting "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon" (1907) was a ground breaking work in art history. It embraces ugliness as art. It also shows the influence of African art on modern artists, when European art believed itself too superior to learn from "primitive" art and culture.
The persistence of Memory by Salvador Dali (1931) is probably the most famous surrealist painting by the most famous surrealist artist. It combines Dali’s mastery of realistic painting technique with his subconscious mind’s free and bizarre association of forms in dreamlike space.
Picasso's antiwar and anti-fascism painting "Guernica" (1937) is representative of art as social conscience and political commentary. Because of the controversy it created it had to be exhibited behind bullet proof glass in a bomb proof building next to the Prada Museum in Madrid.
These are 10 paintings or works of art that every person should know. These represent landmarks in art history because of the artist and the art style or movement they represent. By studying these works students have guide marks to look at art when they visit museums and galleries. They are reference points to help appreciate, enjoy and objectively evaluate art in the context of art history.
Andy Warhol the “Pope of Pop” art painted the Campbell Soup Can (1962) as the glorification of every day consumer and commercial advertising images into museum high art. It was conceptual as well as Pop art, because it posed the question "Why isn’t this art?”
The Art Teacher's Cookbook
Art Project Recipes for the Classroom and Home
See if you can guess the ten or see at least if you can recognize the artist and the art work.
Click on each to see the name of the work and artist